For more than 30 years, The Ottawa Hospital’s Dr. Justin Maloney has been a leader in bringing emergency medicine and emergency medical services to communities across Canada.
In recognition of his efforts to improve life-saving skills and services, Dr. Maloney will receive the Governor General’s Meritorious Service Cross in a ceremony at Rideau Hall. Created in 1984, the award recognizes exceptional deeds that bring honour to Canada.
In 1985, for example, Dr. Maloney set his sights on a daunting goal: teach every high school student in Canada how to save lives with cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) skills taught through the educational curriculum. As co-founder of the Advanced Coronary Treatment (ACT) Foundation, he said that goal is on its way to being realized. To date, more than 3 million students have received CPR training, more than 6,500 teachers have been trained as instructors, and the program is gaining traction in schools across Canada.
“The ACT program empowers youths to take action in an emergency, instead of standing there as a helpless witness,” said Dr. Maloney. “They are taught to recognize that what they are seeing might be a health emergency, to react by calling out for help, dialling 911, finding a defibrillator and, if needed, to resuscitate by starting CPR.”
Dr. Guy Hébert, Head of Emergency Medicine at The Ottawa Hospital, called Dr. Maloney “a pioneer in pre-hospital care.” He noted that his colleague was also instrumental in creating the 911 national emergency call system and the Advanced Care Paramedic System in Ottawa.
“Because of this expertise, he realized that early CPR was key in the chain of survival for patients who suffer from cardiac arrests,” said Dr. Hébert. “He understood that to improve a patient’s chances, our community needed to increase awareness and be trained in CPR.”
“We have all been impacted by Dr. Maloney, and I think all would agree that he is a symbol of dedication, a true patriot and a benefactor to his country.”
In Canada, an estimated 40,000 cardiac arrests occur outside the hospital each year. Nearly 88 percent of these occur at home.
“Every minute lost in initiating CPR results in a 10 percent decrease in the survival rate of the victim,” said Dr. Hébert. “In Norway, about 90 percent of high school students attend a CPR class. As a country, they have one of the best bystander CPR rates in the world. We need to achieve this or better. Through programs like the ACT CPR program, this goal will be reached.”
Dr. Maloney said teaching CPR to high school students allows kids to see themselves as “potential heroes.”
“They realize they could be really important in a resuscitation situation,” he said. “We’re also teaching them about diet and the risk of smoking and making them champions for health within their family, influencing some of the behaviours and activities. And I think the health and phys ed teachers are really proud that they are the ones delivering this.”
“The continued sustainability of the ACT program, and other emergency medical initiatives spearheaded by Dr. Maloney, save lives every day,” said emergency physician Dr. Richard Dionne. “We have all been impacted by Dr. Maloney, and I think all would agree that he is a symbol of dedication, a true patriot and a benefactor to his country.”